Concept note on Awareness and
sensitization of normal school children, teachers and principals
and the success of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.
While the "Sarva Shiksha
Abhiyan" envisages schooling for all categories of children
through a network of regular schools and support centers
wherever possible, the success of this movement depends on the
preparedness of the regular school management to accommodate
children with disabilities. The inclusive education movement in
schools is in a very nascent stage and wherever it has been
tried out; there have been mild and moderate gains. To ensure
that it evolves into a full-blown movement, sensitization of
regular school children, teachers, principals and their
management to the need for inclusion is very necessary. Even in
schools where inclusive education is happening, the acceptance
by the regular school children is not total. This is because the
children do not know the potentials and possibilities of
children with disabilities, they do not see them as part of the
diversity pool and there are myths, misconceptions and
prejudices in their mind vis-a-vis
children with disabilities. Unless they are taught to accept the
children with disabilities at a mental level, the acceptance on
a day-to-day basis will not come. It is here that the
Orientation Interaction and Association Model (OIA Model)
developed by Brotherhood can help achieve the goals of Sarva
Shiksha Abhiyan by the following objectives:-
inclusion in the classroom.
To break the myths,
stereotypes and prejudices regarding persons with
disabilities, so that they are accepted as part of society.
To orient the children in
regular schools towards the rights of persons with
disabilities especially to make them study in regular schools.
The Orientation, Interaction,
Association Model (OIA Model) comprises the following steps:
Orientation - Of young minds
of school children about the state, status, needs, physical,
mental and psychological problems of the disabled.
Interaction - Direct
interaction between children with disability and other ordinary
school children to understand each other better.
Association - The above two
steps will result in a long-term understanding and association
among children with disability and other school children.
ISSUES TAKEN UP DURING INTERACTION
1) Change of perception about
disabled and disability,
2) Definitions of various disabilities,
3) Difference between disability, handicap & impairment,
4) Integration and inclusion,
5) Barrier-free environment,
6) Rehabilitation of persons with disability,
9) About Acts, policies, schemes, concessions etc.,
8) Attitudinal problems etc.